If your fleet covers territories that will have winter weather during the year, it is wise to ensure that at least some of your trucks have been fitted with winter approved commercial tires. There are all-weather tires or then full-fledged winter tires that can be used. As it is not as easy to change tires on a large truck than it is with a car, operators often prefer to have tires that can operate for all weather conditions.
Some countries that your fleet might end up visiting could require the use of winter tires and when it comes to winter approvals, it is not enough with a M+S marking, but they do need to have the 3-peak mountain snowflake (3PMSF) symbol on the tire’s sidewall. If it is mandatory you don’t only have to fulfill the safety requirements but also the legal requirements. Even if there are no legislations for winter tires, one should always strive for the safest option during winter conditions. This requires that you will need to use winter tires to ensure that you can drive safely and without any delays or accidents.
Accidents due to weather can often be avoided by having better tires. Accidents will cause delays, possible injuries and damages to the products carried and damages to the truck and trailer. This will further cause delays, possible damage to the reputation of the business and should be avoided. You avoid it by getting truck tires that can handle the conditions. If you are driving the long distance you also need proper long haul tires, that will not wear out too quickly and will have low rolling resistance to minimize the wear and also the fuel consumption.
If you get your fleet perfectly streamlined with the right tires for the right conditions, then you should be able to reduce your overall tire costs. You should have less downtime; fewer tire changes, less problems and less downtime. This is where the real impact starts becoming visible and since good quality tires also lead to lower fuel consumption, which can have a further impact to improving the business. It is however clear that a wrong selection can be very expensive and cause even severe consequences and the optimal selection can be very profitable and lower your overall costs.
One of the best ways to avoid tire related problems is to ensure that you have effective tire maintenance for preventive maintenance. Finding problems before they grow into bigger problems or costly breakdowns. During the maintenance you should wash the tires, check the tire pressure and check the condition of tires. The condition includes both the tread and visually checks if there are any cuts or cracks. If you notice any abnormalities you will need to decide if you can safely continue or if you need to fix or replace the tires. You will also need to replace tires that have too low tread depth.
New tires will always be better than used tires and in heavy industries where you use heavy machinery; you will need to monitor the tires that they are in good condition so that they can handle the challenging conditions that you encounter with the equipment. Changing the tires when they need to be changed will ensure that you will have the necessary properties that you will need from your tires. You will need to avoid tire related problems as they add costs and can cause personnel injuries or equipment damages and will lead to costly delays and repairs.
Some of the heavy equipment will rely on the tires to be very durable and provide long trouble free service life with limited downtime. They have to be able to withstand heavy loads and have a rubber compound that can avoid cuts or cracks. The heavy equipment often operates in conditions that have sharp rocks or debris that can damage your tires. So you will need to make sure that you have tires that are designed for this. Your loader tires will still need to be different than your excavator tires.
If you then require on and off road tires for your truck, you will often have to combine various properties. You will need to make sure that you have properties both for off road, such as impact and cut resistance combined with excellent grip, to ensure that they perform well off road, then you will need to have good properties for driving on road, where you require good driving comfort, low rolling resistance and good fuel economy. You might also need truck tires with winter driving properties for safe driving during the winter season.
The transport business has become more and more competitive and cost and productivity matters. The heavy investments into trucks will need to make sure that they have a high degree of utilization. The more time they can spend on the road delivering goods to their destinations, the more profitable they are. This high utilization also puts a lot of pressure on the correct tire selection. Selecting a high quality commercial tire from the start ensures also that you can retread the tires. This does though require that the carcass is in good condition, if they are in good condition you can retread them 1-2 times.
Good tires should give you a long trouble free service life, as downtime can add a lot of costs. Since there are a lot of tires on a truck you need to make sure that they are all in good condition. There are different tires for different positions, when it comes to steer, drive and trailer. They should all be of good quality, to ensure safe driving with good grip and control. Making sure that the truck tires are in good condition is essential, so that you don’t end up with unforeseen breakdowns.
You will also need to check that you have the correct tires for the season. If you will drive during the winter season and will be exposed to snowy conditions you will need to make sure that you have the correct tires. You will need to have the tires that can provide the grip that you need during the winter season. Without proper tires you might not be allowed to drive in certain countries and if you are allowed to drive you will be less safe than with winter tires. So for the safety of the driver, the other drivers around you on the roads and the goods that you are transporting it is important that you have the tires that will provide you with the best grip and control on the conditions that you will drive.
There are several all-weather tire options that provide year round performance regardless of weather conditions. So if you need regional haul tires or long haul tires, you will need to select which tire options is the best suitable ones. You might also be in need for on or off road tires, which can be important if part of your transport involves off road conditions.
Computers are getting more intelligent, and with artificial intelligence, the advantages are clear of using machines versus people as drivers. The key is just to make it safe and reliable enough. With self-driving vehicles you can basically operate around the clock, to better utilize your investments. You can’t of course cut out all the people from your operations, but machines don’t get tired, they don’t need breaks and they don’t make mistakes due to fatigue or lack of concentration.
Self-driving equipment has been tried in quarries, where they
see a big saving on not having to fly in personnel to remote areas, higher
utilization of the equipment and much lower labor costs. Instead of having 4.5
mean per vehicle around the clock with time restrictions, you can equip it with
self-driving technology. For long haul trucks this has also been tested along
with self-driving cars. The technology is not far from being launched at a
bigger scale. Then we will have a lot more trucks driving around the clock.
The technology will not be cheap initially, until demand
gets really high, but the savings can be big from the get-go. It does require
that you can make sure that the equipment will run without breakdowns and that
the tires will withstand the constant wear. For the truck
tires, you will need to be able to effectively monitor the tire
pressure in all the haul tires on the rig and have a
procedure for how the trucks can stop for fuel and for tire monitoring. With
low tire pressure you will have higher tire wear due to higher rolling
resistance. Also the fuel efficiency is negatively impacted. Most of the tire
blowouts are due to low tire pressure, so it is a real and quite big issue.
This is a reason why you now and then see tire residue on the highways. The
trucks don’t notice the tire failure and continue driving.
For big heavy equipment used in mining, you will have big mining tires with extreme
conditions and you can easily have tire failures if the tires don’t have
continuous maintenance and check for cuts and cracks. This will be one of the
challenges for the future, how to make sure that proper maintenance is done and
to avoid tire failures.
Trying to drive with truck tires that are not approved for winter conditions is associated with great danger. A winter approved tire should have the 3-peak mountain snowflake symbol, often just referred to as the 3PMSF symbol on the sidewall of the tire.
Get truck tires that can handle both hot and cold weather and are winter approved, so that you can travel through areas that have both types of weather conditions. Then you will remain safe regardless of the conditions.
All tires not only the commercial winter tires need to
have the correct tire pressure, to make sure that they take the same pressure
and rotate with the same speed. Mismatch
in tire pressure when you have dual tires is a fast way to wear out tires.
If you think of the distances that a truck drives to deliver products all over the globe using the extensive road networks, it is quite amazing. Ships do long shipping distances between continents. They deliver containers, which can then be put on trucks for further deliveries. Once picket up at a shipping container terminal and placed on the semi-truck trailer, for land-based deliveries. They often still need to cover vast distances to deliver the full containers to a distribution center, where the deliveries can be done with smaller transportations unless there are full container deliveries.
The tires that are needed for these trucks tend to be long haul tires that are designed for
constant driving with good wear resistance and low heat build-up. You will want
tires that have low rolling resistance, so that your fuel consumption
will be low. Other good ways to save costs is to retread the tires. Retreading
can be done on a high quality carcass that is in good condition. If you don’t
have a high quality tire to start with then you can retread them. You can save
a lot of money by paying to have them retreaded, which can be done 1 to 2
times, if the carcass is in good condition before retreading. Retreaded
tires have excellent properties if the new tread is of high quality.
This is an environmental and cost efficient way to save money.
Since deliveries are a combination of time and money, you
want to make sure that your deliveries are not delayed. If your deliveries are
delayed due to tire problems, you will lose money in both ends. Both in terms
of penalties of delayed deliveries as well as extra repair costs due to
unscheduled downtime. Proper tire maintenance is always of utter importance to
make sure that you don’t waste money on taking care of problems that might have
been able to prevent. Tire failures are often due to low tire pressure, which
damages the tires. Since you have so many tires on a truck, the drivers often
don’t notice the problems, which is why you often can find debris from broken
truck tires on main highways. Checking tire pressure on all 18 or more wheels
can be time consuming, but can save you money in the long run.
Within forestry regardless of which method you use in felling the trees, you will need to carry the logs to a paper or pulp mill and that is done by a logger truck. Ones the trees are at the landing, a truck will carry the logs to its final destination. Since the roads are not always proper roads down to the landing, these truck tires need to be able to handle both on and off road conditions, so you will need an off and on road tire.
The truck tires will also sometimes need to cover winter
conditions, as you might still have snow covered roads during the early spring.
This is why these tires have to have capacity to work both on and off the road
and in winter conditions if needed. You will not find much better tires for
your trucks than the Nokian Hakkapeliitta Truck E tires. They are approved for
winter conditions so that you can get to your destination safely.
It is not only the logging truck that will face challenges. The
logger tires such as the Nokian
Logger King LS-2, which is a skidder tire for extreme conditions that is built
to carry the heavy loads, while providing long trouble free service life. In the forest you will face more challenges
than just some muddy or snowy roads, you will find a lot of obstacles that will
make it challenging to get back and forth to the landing with the logs that
needs to be dragged through the forest. You will need to have excellent grip
regardless of slippery stones and moss covered steep hills. You might need to
put chains or tracks on the tires to make sure that you get the best possible
grip through these conditions, but the Nokian Logger King LS-2 is ready for
that. This even comes in an extreme version for the biggest and heaviest
machinery used in the hardest conditions.
When you choose tires from the Nokian Tyre range of forest
tires, then you are selecting among the worlds best forest tires. Nokian Tyres
is the global market leader when it comes to tires for the forest industry both
for cut-to-length or full-tree harvesting. Make sure you check what tires are
offered in the technical tire manual.
Truck tires are some of the most used commercial tires as definitely the most used continuous tire as the trucks basically are driven around the clock to deliver products around the road networks around the globe. To ensure that the products are delivered on time, the tires need good durability and wear resistance. Good quality truck tires will provide you with a longer service life than tires of lower quality. You tend to also get a lower rolling resistance leading to better fuel economy, which can result in big savings considering the miles that your trucks are putting in. Combine this with that a high quality carcass can be retreaded when the tread reaches the minimum acceptable tread depth. A good carcass can be retreaded 1-2 times, before it has to be discarded, but in the mean time you can make substantial savings. A retreaded tire is as good as a new, if the carcass is of high quality and you use a high quality retreading option.
of the main reason that long haul
will fail you is due to low tire pressure. A tire rarely just explodes if it is
properly inflated, unless you hit something on the road like a pothole or some
debris. This means that basically 80 % of all tire blowouts could be prevented
with ensuring that you have the correct tire pressure. Bad tire pressure is
based on bad tire maintenance, so if your fleet is having problems with tire
blowouts, you will need to assess your fleets tire maintenance process.
is important to make sure that the tires are matched correctly in terms of
diameter when they are dual assembled as you might risk on ruining both tires
otherwise. Alignment is another key issue to ensure even wear across the tire.
The biggest problem with tires is on the trailers side, as they tend to get
less maintenance than the main rig. Proper maintenance of all parts is
essential and combine it with making sure that you purchase high quality tires.
Retread for better tire economy, as you can make substantial savings on your
tire budget if you buy quality haul tires from the start. Then make sure that
you monitor and account for all problems so that you can identify the best
process to improve productivity with minimum downtime.
Truck tires are some of the most used tires on the planet. Trucks have a lot of tires, normally 18-20 tires on each truck and they tend to drive almost constantly. So tire wear is significantly even when you use the most durable wear resistant tires, however these outperform any cheaper tire and you will be able to have more operating hours and less downtime with high quality tires. When it comes to commercial tires the tire costs tend to be small in comparison of what damage tire failures can cause as well as a lot of downtime, where you can’t utilize expensive equipment. So selecting a cheaper tire will never be worth it.
You need a reliable truck tires
that you know can perform regardless of what conditions that you will face,
without delays or problems. Customers rely on you to deliver their goods safely
and on time. Failure to deliver on time might incur penalties and it can even
ruin the goods if they are perishable. Depending on where your drive, you might
even need winter tires for your truck, tires that can handle snow and ice.
Without winter tires it is not safe to drive and you should not attempt it.
Attempting to drive without winter tires will surely increase the risk of
accidents and delays. It might also be illegal to drive without winter tires,
depending on where you drive, e.g. Sweden introduced last year a law that makes
it mandatory with winter tires for all heavy equipment driving on public roads
between 1st of November until 31st of March, something
that has already been introduced in Norway and Finland.
Durability tends to be key for haul
tires, as you don’t want to have tire related problems
during your drives. With durable tires, your tire maintenance should be
sufficient to ensure that the tires will last and will not wear out during
transport. You will have different tires depending on the position, where you
will have steer tires, drive axle tires and then trailer tires. It is important
to have good tires on all position to ensure that you have good control while
you drive and take turns. Low rolling resistance of tires can save you a lot of
money on fuel as well as retreading
tires, where a premium tire carcass can be retreaded
1-2 times to reduce both costs and environmental impact.
Most trucks that are moving on our roads are semi-trailer trucks, they can carry heavy loads and can be loaded by containers from ships and then be driven across the continent for deliveries. With the containerization a lot of pressure has been put on quick deliveries by land with semi-trailer trucks. To distribute the high weight they tend to have 2 axels on the trailer and 3 on the tractor unit that pulls it. The steering axel has single wheels and the 2 drive axels of the tractor unit tend to have dual wheels and the same goes with the 2 axels on the trailer.
So when it
comes to the amount of tires on a semi-trailer truck you tend to have 18 wheels
with tires. You will have different tires for the steering axel position and
for the drive axel position versus the trailer tires. There are some
differences in the properties needed so make sure that you select the correct
tire for the intended position. You will have 2 steer tires, 8 drive tires and
8 trailer tires on an 18-wheeler semi-trailer truck. So getting a full set of truck tires can get quite costly, but you don’t
want to skimp on quality as that can impact your safety. Retreading
tyre can be an option,
if they are of good quality and the tire carcass is in good shape.
similar situation, there are a lot of tires, often with dual wheels in the back
and can have one or two axels, so the bus will have either 2 axels or 3 axels. Bus
tires don’t have the different tires for the different positions the same way
that trucks have and they usually have bus as part of the tire name. They do
though differentiate if it is city bus or a long haul bus, where city buses are
more durable for pavement impacts on the sidewall and the long haul are more
durable for long haul driving, where haul
tires are the right
buses and trucks there will is a need to have proper winter tires if you plan
to drive in areas where there will be winter conditions. You should have 3PMSF
symbol on the sidewall if they are approved for winter conditions. Some
countries demand that you have this if you will drive through them, others
should but they might no have that yet.