Hydroplaning happens when a layer of water or slush builds up between the tires and the road surface. This is very dangerous, as it creates a loss of traction and can lead to a loss of control of the vehicle. Hydroplaning can be a danger in every season, as even in the winter months there can be slush on the road that can lead to hydroplaning or slushplaning. Manufacturers are always coming up with new technologies to help deal with issues like hydroplaning.
Most tires incorporate anti-hydroplaning technology, but even with a good tire you can’t completely eliminate the risk. This is why it’s important to know what to do when your car starts hydroplaning. First, keep cool. That’s probably easier said than done, but it’s important to not panic or slam on the brakes. The best thing to do if you start hydroplaning is to keep the car straight and decelerate to try to regain the feel of the road and control of your car. Try to avoid hydroplaning by looking ahead and avoid any large puddle. Also, reduce your speed in rainy conditions.
The Nokian eNTYRE 2.0, an all-season tire, is an example of a high-quality tire that has incorporated many new innovations to create a high-performing tire with improved hydroplaning protection. Technologies like polished lateral and inside grooves allow them to store more water between the tire and the road and accelerate the flow from the main grooves. This leads to increased water displacement, improving the tire’s hydroplaning properties. Another important safety tip to avoid hydroplaning is to keep the tires properly inflated and to rotate and replace tires when necessary. Adequate tire pressure is important, and tread depth plays a role. Hydroplaning does not just pertain to water (aquaplaning); you can also hydroplane with slush (slushplaning). Slushplaning occurs when snow starts melting and leaves slush on the road.
All-weather tires like the Nokian WR G3 also take advantage of polished main grooves to effectively clean snow, slush and water off the tire to ensure that the tire grips the road and protects against aquaplaning and slushplaning. All-weather tires are made of rubber compounds that are very similar to the rubber compounds of winter tires.