Heavy equipment will need special tires. There is different equipment for the various tasks that needs to be performed. If you e.g. need digging, or loading or transporting, you will need different tires as the requirements changes. Common for all these tires is that they need to be able to handle high loads, so just that makes them different than normal car tires. The size will also be considerable bigger and they will use a higher pressure. Mining tires, agriculture tires or forestry tires, they are all areas where you will need state of the art tires.
Durability is key as any downtime for these vehicles translates to a high cost. Unscheduled downtime will cause delays, might delay work for the other machines, this is where the biggest costs can come from. The machines often work in pairs, where one does one task so that the second machine can do the next task. For example, an excavator does the digging and the loader then removes the material, if the excavator tires cracks, then your loader will have to wait until the tire is repaired or changed. From a safety perspective it is always better to work with the tires in special designated areas, the tire pressure is so high that you need to be cautious and inflating tyres should be done with a protective cage.
Scheduled maintenance is where you should be able to detect issues with the equipment or the tires. Fixing or replacing tires during maintenance is a big cost saving versus any unscheduled downtime. Checking the tires through visual inspection should be carried out after each work shift. Good durable tires help to avoid downtime; tires that have special cut and crack resistance rubber compound and reinforced sidewalls will help if the equipment operates in harsh conditions. Stability will be important for excavator to prevent the equipment to start rocking; stabilizer legs should be used to add stability to it. Control to be able to maneuver though difficult terrain.
Superior grip is important so that the equipment can move freely without struggling or getting stuck. You want the equipment to be able to move quickly freely not to slow down your operations. This is regardless of what weather conditions you have or what surface you are operating on, grip, stability and durability will be of utter importance.